Category: History and Archeolory

Researcher performs forensic anthropological analysis on Baroque-period marble sculpture

History and Archeolory

How did Baroque period artists/sculptors go about their craft? For the first time, researchers have performed a forensic anthropological analysis of a marble skull carved by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. The analysis of this re-discovered sculpture in Dresden, Germany, may help capture details of the working methods of great artists of the past, including details not…

Joint burial of two 1,500-year-old skeletons offers a look into attitudes toward love and the afterlife

History and Archeolory

On the left side of the grave, the male skeleton lays with one arm outstretched, holding the abdomen of the female skeleton by its side. The woman’s face is pressed into his shoulder, left hand resting across his waist; on her fourth finger is a simple silver ring. The postures of the skeletons, which were…

International researchers confirm museum shrunken head as human remains

History and Archeolory

Researchers from Western University have verified the authenticity of a South American tsantsa (shrunken head) as human remains, an important step in the global effort toward decolonization and preserving and understanding Indigenous history. The findings were published today in the high impact journal PLOS One. Using clinical computed tomography (CT) and high-resolution micro-CT scans, researchers were…

Researchers find 3,000-year-old shark attack victim

History and Archeolory

Newspapers regularly carry stories of terrifying shark attacks, but in a paper published today, Oxford-led researchers reveal their discovery of a 3,000-year-old victim—attacked by a shark in the Seto Inland Sea of the Japanese archipelago. Original excavation photograph of Tsukumo No. 24, courtesy of the Laboratory of Physical Anthropology, Kyoto University. Credit: Kyoto University The…

Genetic analysis of ancient massacre reveals instance of indiscriminate killing

History and Archeolory

Genetic analysis provides clarity and also prompts further questions around an ancient massacre in Potočani, Croatia, in a study published March 10, 2021 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Mario Novak from the Institute for Anthropological Research, Croatia, Ron Pinhasi from the University of Vienna, Austria, David Reich from Harvard Medical School and Harvard University, U.S.,…

Where are the foreigners of the first international age?

History and Archeolory

The Bronze Age in the eastern Mediterranean has long been considered by researchers to have been the ‘first international age,’ especially the period from 1600-1200 BC, when powerful empires from Anatolia, Mesopotamia, and Egypt set up large networks of subordinate client kingdoms in the Near East. These empires fought, traded, and corresponded with one another,…

Earliest evidence of ear surgery 5,300 years ago

History and Archeolory

A team of several researchers from the University of Valladolid, in Spain and one from the Spanish National Research Council in Italy, has found evidence of the earliest ear surgery performed on a human being. In their paper published in the journal Scientific Reports, the group describes their study of a human skull found at the…

Radiocarbon dating only works half the time. We may have found the solution

History and Archeolory

Dating is everything in archaeology. Exciting discoveries of ancient burial sites or jewelry might make headlines, but for scientists, this kind of discovery is only meaningful if we can tell how old the artifacts are. A new DNA method could help making it easier to date skeletons. Credit: Malinka333/Shutterstock So when chemist Willard Libby developed radiocarbon dating…

Sensual fresco discovered in ancient Pompeii bedroom

History and Archeolory

Archaeologists have found a fresco in an ancient Pompeii bedroom that depicts a sensual scene of the Roman god Jupiter, disguised as a swan, and a legendary queen of Sparta from Greek mythology. The fresco ”Leda e il cigno” (Leda and the swan) discovered last Friday in the Regio V archeological area in Pompeii, near…

A small tooth is 2,000-year-old baby discovered in an ancient burial site beneath a Rabat school.

History and Archeolory

A small tooth is almost all that remains of a 2,000-year-old baby discovered in an ancient burial site beneath a Rabat school. Some of the human remains unearthed beneath the St Paul’s Missionary College in Rabat The series of catacombs, discovered during works to extend the playing fields of the St Paul’s Missionary College, also…